Installing The Zabbix 5.0 LTS On CentOS 8 And RHEL 8

Linux Tutorials

August 6, 2020 by Harry

Zabbix 5.0 LTS On CentOS 8 And RHEL 8

In this article, we will be with you through Installing the Zabbix 5.0 LTS On CentOS 8 And RHEL 8. Zabbix is a powerful and open-source network monitoring tool used to monitor network equipment, server software, and performance. Zabbix is written in C and Java and its web interface is in PHP. In this article, we will explain how to set up and installing the Zabbix monitoring system on Linux VPS with CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 operating systems.

Using Zabbix software, you can use the server as a monitoring system. Once the software is installed on the server, you can now connect other servers to the Zabbix server using the Zabbix agent. By connecting the agent server to the Zabbix server, all the information on the agent server, such as the amount of RAM, processor, upload and download speeds. And many server activities are displayed and you can easily control the servers remotely. Zabbix server performance is divided into three parts: Zabbix server performance, Frontend performance, and database performance.

All Zabbix information is stored in the server database. As a result, its performance is critical to the server. Frontend’s performance is also important for showing users a comprehensible and beautiful UI when receiving data. After receiving the information on the Zabbix server, it takes about 2 minutes for the tables to be updated.

how to install zabbix on centos

Zabbix Infrastructure (Client-Server)

Zabbix works as a server-client. In this way, the Zabbix client is installed on systems such as Linux, Unix, Windows, and Mac. Then the Zabbix client sends system information to the Zabbix server. Of course, on systems that do not have an operating system, they can also be monitored in Zabbix through the SNMP or IPMI protocol.

What are the new Features in Zabbix 5.0?

Zabbix 5.0 has many changes but the most important changed are:

  • The infrastructure of the menus has been changed.
  • Security enhancement.
  • Enhancements of the server performance.
  • Easy management and use for network equipment monitoring.
  • Improve automation.
  • More advanced environment.
  • Communication with other messengers such as Telegram and so on …
  • Update templates and plugins.

If you want to know the complete details of the new updates and features in Zabbix 5.0, see the links below:

https://www.zabbix.com/whats_new_5_0
https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/current/manual/introduction/whatsnew500

how to install zabbix on centos

How To Calculate The Size Of The Zabbix Database To Store Information

Zabbix settings require a constant amount of disk space and will not increase beyond this size. The size of the Zabbix database depends on these variables, which define the amount of data stored.

Number Of Processed Amounts Per Second

This is the average number of new values the Zabbix server receives per second. For example, if we have 3,000 items for monitoring and with a time interval of 60 seconds to refresh each item, the number of values per second is calculated as 3000/60 = 50. This means that 50 new values are added to the Zabbix database every second.

HouseKeeper settings for History

Zabbix keeps the values constant for a while. Normally several weeks or months. Each new value requires a certain amount of disk space for data and indexes. So if you want to keep history for 30 days and get 50 new values per second, the total number will be around 129600000 B or about 130 MB.

(30*24*3600)* 50 = 129.600.000

Depending on the type of database used and the type of values received (floats, integers, strings, log, files, etc.), the disk space for maintaining a separate value varies from 40 by 100 to 100 bytes. Normally it is about 90 bytes per bit for numeric items. In this scenario, this means that we will need 130 MB * 90 bytes = 10.9 GB of disk space.

The size of text/log items can never be accurately predicted, but you can set 500 bytes for each value.

HouseKeeper settings for trends

Zabbix keeps a set of values for each item in the trends table for an hour. Data is used for trending and long-term graphs. It is not possible to customize the amount of an hour.

Depending on the type of database, the Zabbix database requires about 90 bytes per trend. Let’s say Zabbix wants to keep the trend data for 5 years. Values for 3000 items require 3000 * 24 * 365 * 90 = 2.2 GB of space for one year or 11 GB for 5 years.

HouseKeeper settings for Event

Each Zabbix event requires approximately 250 bytes of disk space. It’s hard to estimate the number of events created by Zabbix on a daily basis. The worst-case scenario is to assume that Zabbix creates an event every second.
A record_recovery record is created for each recovered event. Normally, most events will be recovered, so we can assume that we will have an event_recovery record for each event. This means consuming an extra 80 bytes per event.

Optional events can have tags, each tag record requires approximately 100 bytes of disk space. The number of tags per event (eg #tags) depends on the settings. As a result, each tag will require the number of tags multiplied by 100 bytes of disk space.
This means that if we want to keep the event for 3 years, it requires the following disk space.

3*365*24*3600* (250+80+#tags*100) = ~30GB+#tags*100B

The table below contains the formulas used to calculate the disk space required for the Zabbix system. As a result, calculate the total amount of disk space used with the following formula.

Configuration + History + Trends + Events

Disk space will not be used immediately after installing the Zabbix. The database size will increase and will stop at a point that depends on the housekeeper settings.

System clock settings

It is very important to know the exact time and date of the server on which Zabbix is running. If you use the NTP service on your local network, you can use it to set your server’s time and date. It is highly recommended that you set the date and time of the Zabbix server and all of its clients together to be one.
You can use the below link for more information in order to set the date and time in Linux.

https://operavps.com/timedatectl-command-to-set-the-date-time-and-time-zone-of-the-system-on-linux/

Installing the Zabbix Server 5.0 LTS on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8

prerequisites

To add at least 500 hosts:

Processor: 2 Core
Memory: 2 GB

To add at least 1000 hosts:

Processor: 4 Core
Memory: 8 GB
+ Raid-10

To add at least 10,000 hosts:

Processor: 8 Core
Memory: 16 GB
+ Raid-10

And MySQL 5.5.62 or 8.0.x or MariaDB 10.x database
Apache webserver 1.3.12 or higher
PHP 7.2.0 or higher

Follow the instructions given during the tutorial with root access. First, log in to the root user.

# su -

If you are not a fan of SELinux, we recommend disabling it and switching to Permissive mode. If you do not disable SELinux, the following steps will explain how to configure it.

# setenforce 0
# sed -i 's/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=permissive/g' /etc/selinux/config
# cat /etc/selinux/config | grep SELINUX=

Apache webserver installation

First, we update our system, then install the Apache webserver with its modules and a number of functional tools using the following commands.

# yum update
# yum install httpd httpd-tools vim net-tools -y
# yum install php php-cli php-common php-devel php-pear php-mbstring php-gd php-bcmath php-ctype php-xml php-xmlreader php-xmlwriter php-session php-mbstring php-gettext php-ldap -y

After the installation, you can check the webserver version of Apache and PHP using one of the following commands.

# httpd -v
# php -v

Check Apache and PHP version

To set up an Apache web server, start the httpd and php-fpm service and run the following commands to activate these services during the system boot.

# systemctl start httpd php-fpm
# systemctl enable httpd
# systemctl enable php-fpm

Commands to start httpd and php-fpm after system boot

Use the following commands to verify the accuracy of these services.

# systemctl status httpd
# systemctl status php-fpm

Commands to verify if php-fpm and https service are working correctly

MySQL / MariaDB database installation

You can use other databases such as Oracle, etc., but in this tutorial, we will use the MariaDB database to store data. Install the MariaDB database using the following command.

# yum install mariadb-server mariadb -y

Then run the MariaDB service and activate the system in Boot.

# systemctl start mariadb
# systemctl enable mariadb

Use the following command to verify the performance of our database.

# systemctl status mariadb

Command to bverify if MariaDB database is working correctly

MySQL / MariaDB database is not secure by default. To secure our MySQL database, we use the following script to define the root password, delete anonymous users, disable the root user login, and so on. (Answer the questions with a “Y” and choose a strong password for the root user.)

# mysql_secure_installation

Secure MariaDB database

Once the database is installed, you need to create a Zabbix database and Zabbix user. Enter a strong password for the Zabbix user instead of 123456.

# mysql -u root -p
password
mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
mysql> create user [email protected] identified by '123456';
mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to [email protected];
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> quit;

Installing the Zabbix server on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8

All the prerequisites needed to set up Zabbix monitoring have been installed. We will be installing the Zabbix repository using the following command.

# rpm -Uvh https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/5.0/rhel/8/x86_64/zabbix-release-5.0-1.el8.noarch.rpm
# yum clean all

Command to install Zabbix respository

Then we will install the Zabbix and the packages it needs.

# yum install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-apache-conf zabbix-agent -y

Make SELinux settings

SELinux or Security-Enhanced Linux is actually a mechanism that creates an extra layer for system security. If SELinux is enabled on your server, you need to execute all commands in this section. To get more information about SELinux, use the below link:

What is SELinux?

Note: If you disable SELinux as you did in the early stages of the article, ignore this section.

First, install the packages and tools needed by SELinux as shown below.

# yum install policycoreutils checkpolicy setroubleshoot-server -y

Once the SELinux is installed, create a Zabbix-SELinux directory and log in using the cd command.

# mkdir -p ~ / zabbix-selinux
# cd ~ / zabbix-selinux /

Now, using the vim text editor, we create a module called zabbix_server_add.te for SELinux.

# vim zabbix_server_add.te

And copy the following lines into it.

module zabbix_server_add 1.1;

require {
type zabbix_var_run_t;
type tmp_t;
type zabbix_t;
class sock_file {create unlink write};
class unix_stream_socket connectto;
class process setrlimit;
class capability dac_override;
}

# ============== zabbix_t ==============

# !!!! This avc is allowed in the current policy
allow zabbix_t self: setrlimit process;

# !!!! This avc is allowed in the current policy
allow zabbix_t self: unix_stream_socket connectto;

# !!!! This avc is allowed in the current policy
allow zabbix_t tmp_t: sock_file {create unlink write};

# !!!! This avc is allowed in the current policy
allow zabbix_t zabbix_var_run_t: sock_file {create unlink write};

# !!!! This avc is allowed in the current policy
allow zabbix_t self: capability dac_override;

Save the settings file and exit. Then use the checkmodule command to convert the file we created above to the SELinux module.

# checkmodule -M -m -o zabbix_server_add.mod zabbix_server_add.te

Then use the semodule_package command to compile the zabbix_server_add.mod module.

# semodule_package -m zabbix_server_add.mod -o zabbix_server_add.pp

After that, we load the compiled zabbix_server_add.pp module into the system.

# semodule -i zabbix_server_add.pp

To perform additional SELinux settings, run the setbool command as below.

# setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect 1
# setsebool -P httpd_can_connect_zabbix 1
# setsebool zabbix_can_network on

After SELinux settings, restart your Zabbix service and enable it in the system boot.

# systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent
# systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent

Use the following command to check the accuracy of the Zabbix service.

# systemctl status zabbix-server
# systemctl status zabbix-agent

Check if Zabbix is working correctly

You can also use the rpm command to check the installed version of Zabbix.

rpm -q zabbix-server-mysql

We use the netstat command to check if our Zabbix service is licensing on its own ports.

# netstat -ant | grep LISTEN

Check if Zabbix is listening on its own ports using netstat

Enter the basic information in the Zabbix database with the following command. After entering the command, you will be asked for a password, which you must enter in the previous step for the Zabbix user and its database. This step is a bit time consuming, please be patient.

# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -p zabbix

Zabbix Server settings in CentOS 8 / RHEL 8

Open the Zabbix settings file from /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf, enter the user, password, and database name of the Zabbix we created in the previous step. (If you follow the instructions in this tutorial and create a Zabbix user and database, do not change the DBName and DBUser sections and only set DBPassword to your password.)

vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
DBHost=localhost
DBName=zabbix
DBUser=zabbix
DBPassword=password

Change zabbix database password in zabbix configuration file

Note: When you use vim editor, after opening the file, you should press i button one time to let you edit the file and once you finished editing, you should write :wq and press enter to save and exit the file.

PHP Setting For Zabbix

Open the zabbix.conf file using your favorite text editor.

# vi /etc/php-fpm.d/zabbix.conf

Find the following line.

; php_value[date.timezone] =

Uncheck it, then enter your correct time zone. (In our scenario, America/New_York)
Note: By unchecking it means to remove ;

php_value[date.timezone] = America/New_York

Then open the php.ini file and find the following parameters and change as below.

vi /etc/php.ini
date.timezone = America/New_York
memory_limit = 128M
post_max_size = 16M
upload_max_filesize = 2M
max_execution_time = 300
max_input_time = 300
session.auto_start = 0

Use the below link to find the path of the configuration of files:

Where is the path of the configuration files in Linux?

Then restart httpd and php-fpm.

# systemctl restart httpd php-fpm

We now use the following commands to access the HTTP / HTTPS service and the ports used by Zabbix in our firewall.

# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=10051/tcp
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=10050/tcp
# firewall-cmd --reload

give access to zabbix http and https ports in firewall

Zabbix setting in the web interface

To continue installing the Zabbix, we need to enter the address http://server_ip_or_name/zabbix in our browser.
Zabbix welcome page

Click the Next step button. At this stage, make sure that all the prerequisites are installed and the status of them is OK. Optional prerequisites may also be on the list. If there is a problem with the optional prerequisites, it will be displayed in orange with an alert status. You can continue the installation without any prerequisites. If there is no problem, click the Next step button.

Pre-requisites of installing of Zabbix

Here we need to configure our database. In the Password section, we need to enter the password for the user and the Zabbix database that we created in the above steps. Then click the Next step.

Configure DB connection in Zabbix

Enter a name for installing the Zabbix in the Name section and click Next step.

Choose a name for the installed Zabbix

In this step, we will see a summary of the settings made before installing the Zabbix. Click the Next step.

Pre-installation summary of Zabbix

Zabbix Server installation is complete. Click the Finish button.

Zabbix installation finished

As soon as installing the Zabbix, it will direct you to the login page. Enter your Zabbix username and password here. The default Username and Password of Zabbix are as follows.

Username: Admin

Password: zabbix

Zabbix Login page

Here you should see the new Zabbix monitoring dashboard.

Dashboard of Zabbix

Conclusion

Installing the Zabbix 5.0 is completed successfully. In this article, we tried to teach you how to install powerful Zabbix monitoring on Linux VPS.

You can buy VPS through the below link to install Zabbix.

VPS Hosting

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About the Author Harry

I like to learn and to teach to make things easier

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