If you are looking for a comprehensive article about VPS. We want to answer your question about what a virtual server is in simple language and introduce you to different types of servers and hosting services.
VPS, which stands for Virtual Private Server, is a virtual and private computer with high-speed internet that is on 24 hours a day, and you can access it at any time and from any location. The virtual server is a part of the server resources that are separated by a virtualizer and provided to users in a completely dedicated way with the desired operating system; Virtual server offers features and capabilities similar to a dedicated server, But it is more economical than that.
VPS, with flexibility, scalability, and good security, is a smart choice for users who want to start an important activity with the lowest cost and the best performance and capabilities.
VPS has different types according to its function, such as a virtual server for Windows, Linux, Mikrotik, etc. In the following, we will thoroughly explain the definition of a virtual server, Its types, and its applications. And We will talk about the advantages and disadvantages of VPS and how VPS works, management and control of VPS panels.
What Is A Server?
To better understand what a VPS is, it is best first to understand the concept of a server; The definition and meaning of a server in many people’s minds when buying hosting services becomes Bold and challenging for them.
The server is a powerful and always-on computer that users expect to respond to their requests at different times and store information and data uploaded to the site. Generally, servers are the most important communication factor in the network.
If the access to the server is only within the scope of an internal network, It is called a network server, and all the computers connected to this network will be under the control of the server and will Provide their web-based needs with its help.
But if we know that this network consists of all the computers that are connected through the Internet, we are faced with a larger group of computers that are turned on and available through the Internet. The Internet server provides users with the information searched on the Internet bandwidth around the clock.
If we want to explain this subject completely, the Internet is a vast network of computers located around the world; Two computer systems create a network by communicating and exchanging information with each other.
As you know, every system has a specific address for access and identification, and by connecting to the Internet, they join its large network. They are receiving services or Servicing with their unique address on the Internet.
In this network, some systems are servicing; By entering the site address in the browser, The contents and information of the site are located in the system on which the web server is installed. A site may contain a lot of information, or many users worldwide may be connected to this site; Certainly, this site can not be supported by a simple computer.
As a result of the server as a Service Provider, In the large Internet network by sending information to the browser at any time of the day; Provides users with the content of the site that you have allowed to display and hosts your users well.
Now that you are fully acquainted with the definition of a server, we will define a virtual server.
What Is VPS Or Virtual Private?
VPS or Virtual Private Server is a small unit of server that is divided into smaller sections using the virtualization technique of a dedicated server. With the help of virtualization, a virtual version can be created from any physical server hardware; in other words, a powerful piece of hardware can be converted into multiple servers using software and virtualization.
It is excellent to have several separate servers on a dedicated physical server with different operating systems and independent resources such as RAM, CPU, etc.
For example, a virtual server is like a small unit of a building where you can rent that space for different purposes and use all the space and resources of that unit separately. Still, the hallway or elevator to access your unit (VPS) can be shared.
As we explain, VPS is a portion of a more extensive physical server but with less price than a complete physical server. Depending on the resources that you choose, the location of the server, the virtualization technology, and the quality of your service, the price of your VPS will change.
Because VPS separates your data and OS from other VPS servers, it is really private! All of the resources inside VPS are dedicated except the bandwidth, which is shared between all VPS servers on the same physical server.
However, some providers define a specific amount of bandwidth for each plan of their VPS services. VDS is the same as a VPS, and it is the summary of a virtual dedicated server. Most of the operating systems can be installed on this service like Windows, Linux, and Mikrotik. As the owner of the VPS has superuser & admin access, running any configurations and installing any apps or software is possible.
VPS resources are always upgradable to have a more powerful server. Most of the VPS hosting companies provide services in monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, and annually periods. Until you renew the service before the expiration date, your VPS will be kept for you.
I have heard of most of the users which ask what should be their operating system and resources to connect to VPS, I should say that it is not important what your own operating system is, or if your own laptop or computer is powerful or not, the only thing you should prepare is a good internet connection to have the best quality of connection to the VPS. if you have a good Internet connection, you won’t face lagging when using VPS.
Also, it’s better to choose the nearest location of the server to your own location to have the least ping rate, I should say the gift of a less ping is a smoother connection for you! And finally, VPS means, you don’t have to rent the street, you can rent a house on that street!
What Is Bandwidth?
Network bandwidth measures the maximum capacity of a wired or wireless communication link to transmit data through a network connection over a period of time. Bandwidth is the data transmission capacity of a computer network in bits per second (Bps).
Typically, bandwidth is displayed in the number of bits, kilobits, megabits, or gigabits that can be transmitted in 1 second; In other words, bandwidth is the total amount of download and upload traffic and their speed and network capacity; It should be noted that bandwidth is not a factor for measuring the speed of the network and it only has the task of measuring the information that is transmitted in the network by communicating between two devices; But the amount of data that is being exchanged affects the efficiency of a transmission medium, such as an Internet connection.
For example, consider a street, If the road is wide, cars (an example for data) can pass smoothly, but if it is narrower, you will see heavy car traffic, and Cars will be harder to pass. This example states that bandwidth will belong to all existing virtual servers on the network and can be shared.
But you can get dedicated and reserved bandwidth with the help of virtualization technology and server administrator authority.
What Is A Data Center?
The data center is one of the most important physical centers globally. Too many computer servers and network equipment perform uninterrupted computing, storage, and data transfer operations.
Servers have powerful networks and hardware that consume a lot of power and generate a lot of heat that can not be maintained in a normal situation such as home because of the need for strong infrastructure and conditions for server maintenance.
Data centers provide the necessary conditions for maintaining servers. Data centers are standard locations that are highly resilient to natural disasters, have very high-bandwidth Internet infrastructure, and often have advanced security systems, ventilation, firefighting, and power distribution systems that provide emergency power systems (UPS and Diesel generators) are equipped to avoid problems.
Implementing a data center is generally based on a vast processing and storage resources network that, With the help of a powerful communication infrastructure, allows the provision of intranet services (local and intra-organizational) or Internet data transmission on a large and small scale.
The topics we explained have been for your familiarity with the data center, but this article aims to provide more important issues about the virtual server. But understanding the importance of the geographical location of the data center when purchasing a VPS and understanding the concept of the data center is somewhat necessary.
How To Create A Virtual Server?
As explained above; In order to create a virtual private server, several virtual servers are created by dividing a dedicated server with the help of virtualization technology. By sharing a dedicated server and its resources, we have a virtual server with features similar to a dedicated server and more affordable. The server administrator can provide dedicated resources for each section based on customer needs.
To better understand VPS, we gave an example of a large residential complex as a server and its units as a VPS. And each VPS has its own secure and dedicated space; Which means you will have a server with a dedicated hard drive, RAM, and CPU.
as people can make changes in their units In VPS, management is also the responsibility of the manager, and with ROOT or Administrator access, you can manage the security and speed you need without the intervention of other sources, And also have your favorite operating systems such as Linux or Windows.
As a result, in the same way, that we explained, you can use the features of the virtual server and have a secure virtual server with the desired operating system and administrator access without the need for initial server configuration.
Definition Of Virtualization
Virtualization uses hardware and hardware resources, including memory, CPU, disk, network card, etc., in a computer system to set up and use (host) more than one operating system simultaneously.
To use a system and its hardware, you need to install an operating system to manage the system; Virtualization helps you install and manage multiple operating systems on one hardware or server at the same time, and you can maximize productivity with minimal cost.
Virtualization is the technology and software infrastructure that replaces the operating system on servers and systems and is a virtual example of hardware that Simulates a physical computer for a host of multiple virtual computers. It also runs on a separate partition of the host system with the desired operating system, memory, CPU power, and other items.
It should be noted that virtualization systems are available for free or not free for different operating systems, depending on their type and function.
On the server, Virtualization is used for partitioning to turn a single server into multiple virtual servers, each running its own desired operating system. The server also needs to support virtualization technology. In this case, a server can be used in different ways and purposes, and instead of performing a specific task, Have optimal performance and also save money.
Basic VPS Infrastructure Based On Virtualization Technology
Most virtualization infrastructures are Linux-based, and most hosting companies use Linux-based virtualization infrastructures and VMWARE and KVM; After getting acquainted with virtualization technology, familiarize themselves with some examples of virtualization infrastructure:
Xen isThe fastest and most professional open-source virtual machine in the world of information technology. Xen hypervisor is based on Linux software, and In addition to Debian, Xen Virtualization supports Solaris, which is a version of Linux.
In any aspect, it is an intelligent choice because it is compatible with both Linux and Windows operating systems and does not require an operating system; You can install it directly on the hardware. Xen is light virtualization that plays an essential role in optimizing system and server resources because it takes up less RAM and space. This virtualizer is not free and is mainly used in specialized organizations.
Esxi Virtualizer is the latest version of VMware hypervisor that runs directly on hardware without the need for an operating system like Xen. Esxi, with its dedicated user panels such as VCenter, enables the management and optimization of infrastructure and server integration. Also, some of the management panels for this software are installed as modules in the hosting companies’ user panels and are available to users.
With the help of these management panels, users can access the console of the virtual server and various monitoring sections, turn the server on or off, and restart it. As a result, using Xen increases access and improves management, providing more security.
Other benefits include reduced physical infrastructure costs, high stability, highly advanced fault tolerance systems, Flexibility of activities, ease of upgrading and updating, and support for remote developers.
It is one of the best and most widely used free virtualizers that creates various Linux virtual systems and servers. One of its disadvantages is that it only supports the Linux operating system.
Virtualization is Linux based and free but requires special non-free panels to communicate with the user panel. This virtualizer has a user-friendly environment, and users and server administrators can have remote access to different parts of the virtual server by having its panels, and you can turn the server on and off and have all the steps of the boot server. ; The most popular of these panels are SolusVM and AutoVM.
KVM is used as an electronic switch for switching between servers. Its features include high speed, dedicated resources, the ability to view bandwidth consumption and VNC console online, fast installation and automatic delivery of virtual server operating system, The possibility of changing the operating system of the virtual server at any time by the user, and the user, sharing a keyboard and monitor with several different systems and the possibility of better monitoring of the user on the virtual server.
Virtual Server Applications
Virtual server has many wonderful uses; we will mention their most essential applications in the following:
To point out the applications of Windows Virtual Server, we can mention the most important reasons for choosing it because of fast data transfer and managing Forex trades; In contrast, one of the most important applications of the Linux virtual server is to create a web server, create a proxy server and even build a game server!
Most users use shared services to host their websites, but if they have a large, high-traffic, growing site, Over time, they encounter serious problems, and also shared hosting will not meet the site’s needs. In this situation, the best choice is virtual servers with a lower cost than a dedicated server and similar features to a dedicated server.
The most common use of VPS is for sites with high traffic and number of visits and require more storage space and more powerful CPU than a shared hosting server; also, by buying a VPS, you can be sure of the security and speed of your site.
Sites that need to use VPS and shared hosting will not work well for the needs of the site:
- Store sites with many products and customers, and their transactions are high.
- Virtual schools have many participants in their classes.
- Video sharing sites privately and publicly share Heavy and bulky videos and files.
- And programming sites that use proprietary technology in their programming and need high access to the server should use a virtual server because shared hosting will not meet the needs of such sites.
- Email server to send unlimited emails per day
Since email marketing is one of the most powerful online sales channels, it is essential in corporate businesses; Usually, sending email services is a good choice if you have a small number of users and customers, but if you have experience using shared hosting, The limit on the number of emails you send has been annoying for you, but if you are going to send a large number of emails during the day or week and need to be privatized.
That means having a dedicated server for your emails; VPS is a great solution to overcome this limitation. It is interesting to know that you can install your desired email software on the server by accessing the server.
Server application to implement a specific application with dedicated resources
Most programming professionals need to run specific applications to accomplish their goals; In this case, they need to use programs on the computer that can keep it active 24 hours a day and easily manage the desired program remotely. It is possible to install the desired software, direct server management, and have dedicated service facilities for a lower cost than buying or renting a dedicated server via VPS.
Database server without limiting the use of database size
Unlike shared hosting, the amount of database storage space, which will often be proportional to a percentage of the shared plan or the size of the shared service, can be used in VPS without restrictions and by providing more storage space.
Also, if you have a lot of information and need to back it up constantly, buying a VPS is a wise choice, especially since using a remote virtual server, you can manage your information, and also, for more security, the database can be placed in a virtual server.
This service is used for online backup and copy of developing programs, and using the GIT project management service, various programmers can put their code on a virtual server.
Code and project management
Virtual server has an excellent performance in the field of code and project management, especially when programmers work on the project remotely, or if separate teams for software development work together, you have to use a VPS.
Improve website performance
By placing different sections of your site, such as database, email, and web, on the created VDSs, you can quickly investigate the causes of the problem and find the problem. Using these facilities, if a malfunction occurs on one of the machines, the other parts will continue to operate without interruption. This feature is another VPS application to improve the performance of different parts of the site.
Program development and production
Virtual servers meet the needs of developers who need special services to develop large software projects.
Management systems and activities
A virtual server is the best solution for direct, online management of any location. It also makes it possible for everyone to use integrated management systems such as a dedicated Task Manager.
surely you are already familiar with VPN and have used it. Using a VPN, like other protocols and software, has its drawbacks; If you want a dedicated high-speed VPN with a Fixed IP, VPS is a good alternative.
Today, VPS is the best solution for hosting a private gaming server due to the interest and tendency of a wide range of people to play online games and the need for gamers to speed up and ping down. Today, VPS has hosted popular games such as Minecraft, Runescape, and World of Warcraft, and their use is practically an advantage for gamers. Also, game developers can easily make their changes.
Digital currency transactions
Frequent slowness and outages when digital trading currencies cause huge financial losses. In financial markets such as Forex, every moment is very important. VPS can Reduce your worries during sensitive transactions without interruption and satisfactory speed with its features.
Test programming codes
If you have a programming company and you do various projects during the month, or you have a company whose programmers are constantly making special programs and coding; In this case, programmers need to regularly test their program code and be able to troubleshoot and fix it quickly; In addition, the forces need an information web host who can upload the entire project to it and access it from various locations such as the company, home, and so on.
In this case, VPS is one of the best and most efficient options for testing coding programs.
When Do We Need To Use A Virtual Server?
Choosing the correct server for your activity becomes clear after launching the site. Over time, you realize that you are facing problems and the server you selected is not compatible with the goals and needs of your site. The question may arise as to when VPS is the right choice for your needs; In the following, we will explain the cases that you find out when it’s time to switch your server to VPS.
When site security is a significant factor for you.
VPS is the best option to use more monitoring capabilities and increase site security. If you sell products or services on your site and have payment steps, use a virtual server to improve safety.
If your site traffic is growing and expanding.
If you use shared hosting to host your site and your site traffic is rising daily; In this situation, shared hosting can not have an efficient Performance, and even with increasing traffic and user input to the site due to poor management of shared hosting, your site may become inaccessible. So pay attention to the issue that if your site will have more traffic and is developing, VPS can be useful.
If you have an online store.
VPS is the best option for online stores because having a proper and secure server is essential to protect credit cards against data theft. Using a secure virtual server and its admirable security features, online payment steps will be performed without worries.
When the site speed decreases.
If you have set up your site on shared hosting; In fact, several sites use the same source and RAM, which definitely has a negative effect on the speed of the site. In your opinion, with the increase in content and visits to your site, will shared hosting have a desirable performance? Of course not, you will face problems.
VPS will provide good conditions for developing and improving the quality and content of your site.
When you encounter more errors from the server.
Seeing errors such as Service Unavailable, X50, and Internal server error from the server indicates that it is time to change the server. These server-side problems will be problematic in the process of your activity, and it is better to fix them immediately, as VPS can be a solution to this problem.
If you want to install custom software.
Having shared hosting can be a good choice for users of content management systems such as WordPress, but if you need a dedicated content management system and need to make custom settings to gain more control over your hosting, The VPS is more efficient for this request. Also, shared hosting can not support advanced applications well.
If the purpose of your activity on the site is to provide services.
A virtual server with sufficient RAM and proper performance and providing multiple domains for all websites that provide services to customers; is beneficial and Appropriate.
If you do not have enough money to buy or rent a dedicated server.
Because the cost of renting a virtual server is higher than a shared host, but it has an important differences from a shared host. It is also more affordable than a dedicated server while offering the same features.
If you don’t have enough budget to set up a site, VPS is the right choice. Still, by increasing the income, a dedicated server can be a better option in the future to solve site problems and increase security and resources. But try not to neglect VPS to set up the site to prevent future problems.
Familiarity With Different Types Of VPS
Virtual servers are classified based on how they are managed, control panel, operating system, and different virtualizations. We intend to examine the types of virtual servers from every angle.
Types of virtual servers based on how they are managed
In VPSs, we have two types of managed servers, managed and unmanaged.
By managed VPS server, it’s the server that you use, but the controls for executing and installing and managing software and server security details and maintenance are entire is the responsibility of the service provider. Managed server means that you have no worries about server setup and maintenance as well as updates and troubleshooting.
As you know, server management is very specialized, and it is highly recommended that you leave it to experienced experts.
it is easy to use in comparison with a shared host but it has more features and resources, better security, and also faster speed.
In other words, the company which is the hosting service provider is responsible for installing the required software, being perfect, functioning properly, and servicing the server. Many people choose a managed server because it is ideal for users with no server management expertise. Generally, this type of server service is a bit more expensive than an unmanaged server.
This type of server is similar to a dedicated and managed virtual server. The main difference between these two is that, in this case, you need to install the necessary software on the server and support and manage the server, which for someone just getting started, may not be possible to do.
On unmanaged servers, you only hire a cheaper server, but the reliability and security of the managed server are much higher because you benefit from the expertise of highly experienced experts, which is excellent for corporate and business applications.
Many things are much more valuable and affordable. That’s why managed server hosting is a little more expensive. Another difference between a regular server and an unmanaged server is your ability to master the server. On an unmanaged server, you rent the server and take full control of it, but on a managed server, you don’t have to worry about maintaining and updating the server, which is a specialized job.
When buying an unmanaged virtual server, do not forget that no special services will be provided and only the initial preparation for creating and installing the operating system will be done for you.
Control panels for VPS management
Regarding the types of VPSs is the management field, we mentioned that if the control panel is installed on the VPS, in fact, the VPS is managed, but if the installation of the control panel is the responsibility of the user, we use the unmanaged VPS. Of course, installing control panel versions on a virtual server is not a complicated task.
In the following, we will briefly reference the most popular and well-known control panels with their features.
The most popular control panel is hosting and web-based Linux operating system, which is currently one of the easiest and most standard methods of site management. by creating and using a cPanel account, you can use various sections such as file upload, file transfer via FTP, backup, Manage email, DNS ZONE, peripherals installation, domain and subdomain control, MySQL database, etc.
It also allows you to install various software and content management systems such as WordPress, Joomla, and more.
Cpanel has a user-friendly space and a simple user interface, And it has security settings and modules to improve security. Also, features such as online backups and regular updates to fix the problem have made it even more popular.
This control panel, like Cpanel, is one of the hosting platforms and is a graphical web hosting control panel that is web and Linux based and runs only on Linux systems and RedHat, CentOs, FreeBSD, and Debian versions. Direct Admin has made it easy to manage the website on the server and host, and with Direct Admin, you can manage your websites with the levels of Admin, Reseller, or regular user and user.
It is better to note that Direct Admin is better compatible with CentOS and it is better to install Direct Admin On CentOS!
Direct Admin control panel, in addition to simplicity and ease of use, has the anti-crash capability, which has led to increased stability in services, and also has a high speed because it has been tried to be simple, beautiful, and at the same time practical, And be professionally designed.
Also, one of the advantages of Direct Admin is its modularity, in which you can install security and management modules on it according to your needs, thus increasing security. Direct Admin is not free, and it costs money, but it costs less than other control panels.
Plesk is a type of host control panel that is installed on Windows and Linux operating systems. This control panel has a convenient and very user-friendly interface, is compatible with mobile content management systems, all types of operating systems, and Plesk different versions of PHP such as PHP7 and Perl, CGI-BIN, Java, Ruby, Python, and. NET. It also supports a variety of application plugins and has high security.
Webmin control panel
It is a popular and free web control panel that is used to manage Linux servers. One of its weaknesses is that it does not have security settings by default, and it is the user’s responsibility to provide security factors. You need to be proficient in Linux to take advantage of its high features. Webmin is also modular, and you can install and manage various system services as a module.
Virtualmin control panel
This control panel, like Webmin, is a web-based application for managing Linux hosting, and this control panel allows hosting management for free. The control panel is modular, but it’s default security is not enough.
Types Of Virtual Servers Based On The Operating System
The virtual server supports a variety of operating systems for server management; We mention 3 types of operating systems:
On this kind of VPS, you will have a server with an operating system of Microsoft. Totally two kinds of Windows can be installed on Windows VPS, Core and graphical (Desktop). Graphical like Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2019, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, or Windows 10. Also, each server version has a core version.
The provider of this service has to provide you with a licensed version of Windows on the VPS. If you wish to order this service (Graphical Windows VPS), I recommend ordering a plan that has more than 2GB of RAM because the operating system of windows uses the 1 GB of RAM of the VPS so you should have more resources if you don’t want your VPS to freeze up while working.
Also When choosing a virtual server type, pay attention to the programming language of your site; If your site is under Microsoft languages such as ASP.NET, Windows Virtual Server will work better for you.
You can use a web-based Windows operating system such as RDP to manage Windows Virtual Server, and one of the significant advantages of Windows Virtual Server compared to Linux is that it is simple and familiar to most users, and the majority of users have the experience of using the Windows operating system. And also do not need to use the command line in the Windows environment.
Introduction Windows server core series
In this version of Windows, you will have just a CMD interface, and you can run CMD and Powershell commands. This edition is available on Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2016, and Windows Server 2019.
The server core doesn’t support applications that need a desktop environment. This version is lighter, has fewer bugs, and it is safer as a result. Only server roles are provided on the core edition. Here are some examples:
- DNS Server
- Active Directory
- File Services
- Print Services
- Web Server (IIS)
- DHCP Server
- Host Guardian Service
Here are some of the basic roles available on the Windows server
Also, Windows server editions come with the Server Manager option which contains roles:
- Active Directory Certificate Services (ADCS)
- Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS)
- Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)
- Active Directory Rights Management Services
- Device Health Attestation
- DHCP Server
- DNS Server
- Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS)
- File and Storage Services
- Host Guardian Service
- Print and Document Services
- Routing and Remote Access Server
- Remote Desktop Services Connection Broker
- Web Server (IIS)
- Windows Server Essentials Experience
- Windows Server Update Services
Differences Between Windows And Windows Server
Hardware support: For example, while Windows server 2019 supports 24 TB of RAM, Windows 10 Pro supports 4TB of RAM. Windows Server supports 64 sockets of processors with unlimited cores while Windows 10 Pro supports a maximum of 2 processors with 256 cores.
Server manager: The main difference between Windows 10 and Windows server is this, Windows Server comes with server management software and you will be able to use features like active directory, DHCP, and many more features inside it while this software doesn’t come with Windows 10 Pro. Some limited options in Windows Server: In Windows Server, you won’t be able to login to your Microsoft account to import or export settings from or to another PC. Also, options like Cortana and Timeline is not available in Windows Server.
Updates: Windows 10 received updates faster than Windows Server, In Windows Server, you will be able to disable the updates from group policies while in Windows 10 you will be able just to pause the updates.
Network Connections: in Windows 10, it has been limited to 20 connections while in Windows Server, you will have unlimited network connections.
Price: According to the features and usages of Windows Server, it is more expensive than a Windows 10 Pro. The price of the license of Windows Server costs you from 500$ to higher amounts as per your requirements.
Similar Codes: Both Windows and Windows servers are using the same codings and kernel. If you have installed both, you will find that there is no difference in the appearance between Windows and Windows servers.
All kinds of software that you install on your own PC or laptop also can be installed on Windows VPS, the below services can be run on Graphical (Desktop) Windows VPS:
- Running website: You can run your website on Windows VPS and it’s not important what your website coding language is.
- Running your script: Windows VPS can be used to run any script.
- Create VPN: Windows VPS can be used as a VPN server. The built-in VPN protocols on this kind of VPS are Internet Key Exchange version 2 (IKEv2), PPTP, L2TP, and SSTP.
- Be always online: Sometimes you need a website to be open 24 hours a day or maybe you have a page, processor, or script that should be always up.
- Browse with the IP of another country: There are some websites that accept IPs from only specific countries like the USA, in this case, USA windows VPS will be suitable for you.
- Download and upload: As the internet connection of Windows VPS has more bandwidth with a higher speed than yours and also because it is cheaper, it will be suitable for download and uploading.
- Mail Server: Windows VPS can be used as a mail server to send emails.
- Backup server: Windows VPS can be used as a backup server to keep, restore and transfer your backups in it.
Windows Server Editions:
- Windows NT Advanced Server 3.1: It was released in 1993. It was a 32-bit system and came in a version for terminals and another one for servers.
- Windows NT Server 3.5: In 1994 it was introduced. Inter-connectivity with Unix systems was introduced in this version. Once it was released, most of the network was working on Unix servers, therefor, if windows wanted to be accepted in Network businesses.
- Windows NT Server 3.51: in 1995 this version was released to manage the systems running Windows 95.
- Windows NT Server 4.0: The IIS 2.0 was included in this version for free. Internet Information Service is Microsoft’s free web server.
- Windows Server 2000: Many of the features that we use on Windows servers edition are introduced with the enhancements that came with this version such as the creation of active server pages (ASP), support of XML and active directory for authenticating users.
- Windows Server 2003: In the last versions, you had to reboot the server for any changes that you make in the windows server but in this version, it was resolved, Also .net framework was provided in this system for the first time. Shortly after the release, Microsoft provided an update to upgrade the system to a 64-bit environment.
- Windows Server 2003 R2: It was released in 2005, customers who had bought Windows Server 2003, had free access to this version. Microsoft focused on enhancing the security of this version. Microsoft provided extra features for this version which was the Active Directory Federation. It was possible to regulate security policies through the configuration wizard. The other improvement was the better compression for files.
- Windows Server 2008: The new version of the Windows server took 3 years to get ready. Hyper-V and Event Viewer was bundled into this version.
- Windows Server 2008 R2: The core of this version was Windows 7 so it is was providing a 64-bit program environment. RDS (Remote Desktop Services) was provided on this version.
- Windows Server 2012: In 2012, Microsoft provided this version to win in the cloud by providing features on this version to have better interaction with off-site services. In this version, Microsoft focused to improve Hyper-V abilities This version was released with the Cloud OS name. Both Powershell and server core provided on this version.
- Windows Server 2012 R2: This version was released in 2013. The usage of Powershell was extended in this version, also new improvements have appeared on this version such as rewriting security systems and network services, Also some storage features were improved on this version such as duplication for distributed files and better file sharing access.
- Windows Server 2016: Nano server is implemented on this version which is a lightweight minimal server that has fewer interfaces so it is harder to be attacked. Also, a new encryption Hyper-V method added to VM systems and the ability to interact with docker to this version. Microsoft provided the Network Controller in this version to manage both physical and virtual machines from one console.
- Windows Server 2019: This version is provided in 2018. A new feature by the name Windows Admin Center has been provided on this version which allows the admin of the server to also manage 2012 and 2016 Windows servers. It covers all of the servers and it’s not important if the server is full GUI, server core or nano server. This version comes with Hyperconverged Infrastructure (HCI) which offers the ability to adjust virtualized services without taking the system down.
Windows Desktop editions:
- MS-DOS: (Outdated) Microsoft has developed it for IBM-compatible computers in 1981.
- Windows 1.0 – 2.0: (Outdated) Microsoft released it in 1985. The users were able to click and point in this version.
- Windows 3.0 – 3.1: (Outdated) Microsoft released this version in 1900. Microsoft provided better icon and advanced graphics which was designed for Intel 386 processors.
- Windows 95: (Outdated) In August 1995 Microsoft released Windows 95, it was a major update for Windows, it was improved in performance and the user interface was changed totally, also it was supporting 32-bit applications.
- Windows 98: (Outdated) It was released in 1998, Windows 98 supports new technologies Like FAT32.
- Windows ME – Millennium Edition: (Outdated) Microsoft introduced this update for the core of Windows 98, also the “ Boot in DOS “ option was removed in this version.
- Windows NT 31. – 4.0: (Outdated) Was released from 1993 to 1996, it was support multitasking and it was designed to work as a server in the network.
- Windows 2000: (Outdated) This version was released in 2000 as its name says. It was provided in Professional, Advanced, and Data-center editions.
- Windows XP: (Outdated) It was released in 2001 and it was an update of the kernel of Windows 2000. It was provided in Home and Professional editions.
- Windows Vista: (Outdated) Microsoft released this in 2006, it was more reliable, faster, and it was better in performance.
- Windows 7: (Outdated) The first release date for Windows 7 was in October 2009. It was published to fix the issues of Windows Vista, It had a better user experience and had enhancements in appearance.
- Windows 8: (Available) Windows 8 was a major edition of Windows in appearance and speed. In this version, the USB 3.0 was supported. The start button was disappeared in this version.
- Windows 8.1: (Available) Good news, Start button was included!
- Windows 10: (Available) Released in 2014, The purpose of this edition was to support multiple devices such as Windows phones and tablets.
You can call that, a Linux / Unix-based OS that is installed on your VPS, it is called a Linux virtual server, and users will be able to access it via Root through SSH.
If your site language is PHP and you want to run Nginx, Apache, and Litespeed web services; Using a Linux virtual server is a better choice, and also the open-source nature of the Linux virtual server allows users to use the majority of different programs and modules in the virtual server. Linux virtual servers have powerful hardware that delivers incredible performance, speed, and quality through a variety of virtualizers.
In 1991, a young student was educated in Helsinki university by the name Linux Torvalds. At that time, he was working on the Minix operating system which was a limited version of Unix. Considering the problems and limitations of this operating system, he decided to create an operating system based on the Unix Kernel to make his required modifications to it, as a result, in the late 1990s, the release of 0.02 version of this operating system was celebrated. Thanks to the open-source being of Linux, the progress was really impressive.
Because Linux is open-source, from the beginning, Linus published the news of this release and introduced webmasters and developers to work on this operating system. Considering the freedom of the developers on working on this operating system, it didn’t take much time for this project to become famous and thousands of people from all over the world volunteered to develop and personalize it. Because developers are free to make any modifications to this operating system, now we see various versions and different distributions of this operating system all over the world.
Linux as an operating system is a collection of codes that has the duty to connect applications and finally the user to the hardware. Totally all of the Linux distributions are created on their main core or (Kernel). that free software is integrated with it which makes the complete version (distribution).
In simple English, Linux is a combination of the main core (Kernel) and some free open-source applications. Considering the open-source being of Linux and because of its flexibility of the structure, it has many usages. For example, because of its multi-task and multi-user features, it is a good choice to be used in the network.
Also, in terms of security, this operating system is well on its way. in order to define the security of it, it is enough to say that 70 % of hardware firewalls use the customized version of this operating system.
To answer this question that which of the distributions that we use, I should say that it is not really important because the base of all Linux distributions is the same and you can configure 1 thing in all of the distributions but maybe with different methods and the choice of the best distribution is related to the scientific level of the user, the requirements of the user of Linux and, the features of each distribution. The most famous releases of Linux VPS are CentOS, Debian, Ubuntu, Redhat, and CloudLinux and we will check some of them in this topic so we will know better distribution to choose as a result.
RHEL or RedHat Enterprise Linux is based on Fedora Linux and has been produced and developed in the United States. The architecture that has been made on are x86, x390x, s390, PowerPC, ia64, i386, and x64. The desktops that RHEl supports are KDE and Gnome and as a result, this operating system can be used as a server or desktop. RHEL is one of the few Linux distributions that has been developed and designed by a specific company and specifically it is used for business topics.
RedHat company is the owner and producer of RHEL. RedHat is not free like other Linux distributions and in order to use RedHat Enterprise, you should buy it from RedHat company but based on the open-source rules, the codes written in this operating system are accessible for free and sometimes we face distributions that have been originated from this. Consider that there is no Linux Red Hat at the moment and the Red Hat products has been produced until 2004.
The kernel of the Linux that we know as Red Hat is completely different from the last product that has been produced until 2004 and we know the new product as Red Hat Enterprise. The basic version of Red hat was known by Red Hat Commercial Linux. Red Hat company introduced its first Linux product in 1994. Red Hat was the first Linux distribution that was using the RPM package manager for formatting its software.
Once the production of Red Hat was stopped in 2004, Red Hat company introduced a new product to the world and it was nothing else than Fedora. Unlike Red hat, Fedora was a free Linux and everybody could use it
After that, Red Hat company started to produce its new product by the name Red Hat Enterprise with the base of fedora. The first version of the Red Hat Enterprise distribution was introduced by the name Red Hat Linux Advanced. In 2003, Red Hat company renamed this product to Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS and also introduced 2 new versions by the names Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES and Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS.
Red hat company applied strict rules about distributing its free product (RHEL) in order to keep its business branding safe but also observed the nature of the open-source and put the source codes of RHEL to the public. Numerous versions of Linux distributions used RHEl source codes and reliable distributions were introduced like CentOS and Scientific Linux for free. Business distributions were introduced that were compatible with RHEL, for example, Oracle Linux which is exactly as same RHEL that has been produced to use a database like Oracle.
It is one of the most famous and popular distributions of Linux. Centos was released in 2004 and it is the of the Community Enterprise Operating System. The main kernel of Centos Linux has been taken from RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) and as a result, this system is completely compatible with RHEL so we should say that it has been taken from Fedora.
Unlike RHEL which is a business OS and you should pay for it, CentOS is completely free operating system which is supported by the communities and it means that instead of having professional support and paying for support prices to the manufacturer company, you should get your supports from these communities and there is no need to pay for anything.
But consider that because this operating system has been taken from RHEL, the people who answer and resolve the issues are actually the professional developers of Red Hat but also add the system administrators and Linux operating system lovers to this collection to find the support power of CentOS.
For years, CentOS was an independent project and operating system until 2014 that it joined Red Hat. The versions of CentOS that releases every time are the mirror versions of RHEL. It means after any time that a new version of RHEL is released, a similar version for CentOS will be also released. It takes about some weeks or months to release the new version of CentOS because the CentOS group needs some time to remove the Red hat branding and to create actually everything from the RHEL source codes.
By the combination of a good support team on communities with having complete documents of this operating system, it has become a great product to use in businesses, organizations, schools, universities, and other items that need a confident and safe Linux for their servers and desktops.
By choosing Centos, there won’t need to pay for the high prices of enterprise services. But most of the organizations that use CentOS, they use it beside Red Hat Enterprise Linux and considering the support that they receive from Red hat company, they can resolve the issue that they face with their CentOS operating systems.
In these organizations, RHEl is used as the main server and Centos is used for non-sensitive systems or they use CentOS as a redundant and backup server. This will help the organizations to hire just one system administrator predominant to RHEL.
Debian is the most famous one among Linux distributions in the world. It is interesting to know that in July 2010, for the first time, CentOS became the most used operating system as the web server, in that time more than 30% of the web servers of the world were using it as an operating system. CentOS is one of the most popular operating systems for using web-hosting services.
Considering the compatibility between CentOS and RHEL, this operating system is compatible with most of the software of the world. Nowadays, most of the hosting control panels use CentOS as their Linux distribution. Architecturally and technically, CentOS distribution supports x64, x86, and i138.
For the first time in 1993 Debian GNU/Linux introduced. This Linux was written through its founder Ian Murdock and other thousands of volunteered developers. This idea was in their mind to introduce a completely non-commercial operating system to the world. Most of the time used to develop Debian was the developer’s free and overtime and no money was paid for them to develop Debian.
At first, it was thought that Debian won’t be successful and many people believed this project won’t have faith more than decomposition but the reality was quite different. Not only Debian remained but also it was improved after that and in less than a decade was the most extended distribution of Linux in the world.
Debian is the world’s biggest and most extended collaborative project in the world and maybe we won’t see any other sample of expansion like this in the software industry.
The most important reason for the success of Debian was that it has more than a thousand developers. At the moment there are more than 50000 software packages and the most important thing is that by modifications on the source code of Debian, at the moment we have 120 distributions originated from Debian which shows the power of Debian.
In order to integrate, test and stabilize the software packages with the operating system and also to add new features to the packages and the operating system, Debian has codified quality control, planned and, a reliable mechanism which makes us say without a doubt that Debian is the most problem-less or with the least problems of the distributions of Linux.
Along with these positive features, the main problem of Debian is the long and complex process of developing the operating system and the experiments and test which are done with it. The stable version of Debian GNU/Linux doesn’t receive updates often and normally the stable versions of Debian are provided in about 1 to 3 years, because of this, Debian lovers have to use the buggy or in test versions of Debian until they receive the new stable version and the same is true for software packages.
Debian uses the APT (Advanced Package Tool) package manager for formatting its software.
Ubuntu is one of the most favorite distributions of Linux which is based on Debian. This Operating system supports PowerPC, i686, armhfp, x64 and, x86 architectures. Totally we know Ubuntu as a powerful desktop product and it has been used less as a server. Actually it has the ability to act as a server but beginners and newcomers use it as a server. Ubuntu is a free product in the scope of the free desktop operating system that receives support from communities and commercials.
The community which is created for ubuntu is based of idea and structure of GNu so as we expect the aim of this community is that the software should be accessible for free for all and the users should be use them easily and localize them for their own language and also make any changes they want to the software source.
The word Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning Humanity To Others. With the introduction of Ubuntu, there was actually a new spirit in the software industry around the world.
The maker of Ubuntu was an English company called Canonical Ltd, managed by a South African national named Mark Shuttleworth. The company’s revenue comes from Ubuntu operating system support services.
For greater security of this operating system, all running programs are normally run with the lowest level of access and cannot damage the user files or operating system. To enhance security, the Sudo command is used as a tool to temporarily execute higher-end software that can perform the administrative tasks, as a result, it will prevent causing damage to the system.
This tool is similar to Run as an administrator tool in Windows operating system. To control access levels in Ubuntu, a tool called PolicyKit, also called PolKit, is used to secure the operating system as much as possible.
By default, most network ports are closed by the firewall to prevent hacker attacks, and if the user wants to open a specific port, it can easily configure it with a firewall that is graphically embedded in the operating system. Ubuntu compiles software packages using GCC capabilities such as PIE and Buffer Overflow Protection to prevent damage from running software.
After all, you can encrypt your home directory folders and your own folders in this operating system. These security features added to Ubuntu make it a secure operating system by default, although security is quite a relative term, Ubuntu has a relatively good degree of security by default anyway.
One of the interesting things about Ubuntu is that it has a built-in architecture that makes it possible to use it as a server, as a desktop, as a phone and tablet operating system, and even as a television operating system.
Ubuntu releases a new version almost every six months, and every new release up to nine months has free support, including security fixes, bug fixes, and more. The first version of Ubuntu was introduced in 2004.
The package management which exists in Ubuntu, is based on the Package Manager used in the Debian distribution Linux operating system, and so application packages are introduced with the Deb extension, and as we mentioned earlier, a tool called APT is used to manage these packages in Ubuntu.
Before using Debian software packages in Ubuntu you should note that since the software packages of these two operating systems are not fully Binary Compatible, they are not fully compatible, so if you want to use Debian software packages in Ubuntu, it must Be Overwritten or Rebuild.
Of course, there are still some problems with converting Debian packages to Ubuntu and vice versa, one of the highlights between the two operating systems can be the existence of a lot of common programmers that actually produce software, for two operating systems at a time.
The interesting thing to know! CentOS and Ubuntu are almost among the most complete Linux distributions, now you think the priority should be choosing between CentOS or Ubuntu!
Both have their own users, but given the majority of responses we have seen in other forums and sites, they have made Ubuntu their top priority, what do you think ?!
CloudLinux is a Linux distribution that is provided to shared hosting providers. This operating system improves server stability, security, and flexibility and allows server administrators to review the resources consumed by each host. For example, server administrators can check CPU, ram, or disk I / O with graphs in their dashboard (C-panel).
This article attempts to describe the capabilities of Cloudlinux on the Cpanel control panel. CloudLinux is based on Centos OS and uses OpenVZ kernel and rpm packages. CloudLinux was founded in 2009 by Igor Seletskiy and the first version of this OS was released in January 2010.
It also announced full compatibility with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 in 2011 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 in 2015. One of the most challenging tasks for any hosting provider is to manage the use of server resources by the user. An operating system called CloudLinux can make this easier.
For a small shared server, server management means staying up all night to check the server load and on larger servers, these problems will become even more acute. But if you use Cloudlinux, there is no worry that the user may create an extra burden on the server.
The main advantage of using CloudLinux is the restriction of the use of server resources by the user. Prior to CloudLinux, it was almost impossible for the administrator of the shared server to create ram, CPU, and disk I / O restrictions.
The operating system reduces the speed of web page loading when the user wants to use CPU resources more than allowed, rather than blocking the site. In this case, if ram or disk I / O is used to the maximum, the server administrator can display its custom error page to alert users of resource problems.
The user then optimizes their site or requests to upgrade their service resources. CloudLinux uses a technology called CageFS, which separates the system files of each user completely. This technology actually isolates any user and prevents other users from being seen, attacked or harmed.
This means that based on the packages provided in the LVE manager settings for Cloudlinux, it isolates the accounts or enters the cage to prevent attacks and excessive use of resources by other accounts. One of the important criteria for profitability for server administrators is the number of users who can host on a single server.
However, it should be noted that the presence of many users can slow down due to the lack of server resources. CloudLinux allows the server administrator to save server resources. It also allows them to host more users without the knowledge of how to manage a server’s resources and to see better performance in resource consumption.
Since there was no restriction in the past for high-end users, hardware upgrades would not solve the problem of overuse, resolving this problem has always been a concern of webmasters, but Cloudlinux has been able to address this challenge.
The LVE Manager plugin, provided for the control of cPanel, Plesk, DirectAdmin panels, allows you to create packages that limit the use of server resources by any user, thereby it provides effectively controlling and managing them. The CloudLinux dashboard provides an overview of statistics and information for servers.
One of the well-known network companies is Mikrotik Brand. Headquartered in Latvia in northeastern Europe The company was founded in 2008 to develop and build ISP wireless systems and routers. Currently, the company manufactures hardware and software in the field of networking and the Internet and exports its products and services to most countries in the world (145 countries). Although the company has only 150 employees, it still produces quality active network equipment and has been very successful in the software industry.
Mikrotik brand products are used by a wide range of customers, from home users to small companies and ISPs. Making Internet technology faster and more powerful so that more users can use it is one of the main goals of the brand.
Mikrotik is currently working with major companies such as Vodafone, HP, Motorola, Ericsson, Siemens, Mitsubishi, and even NASA. RouterOS proprietary software is one of the most important and popular Mikrotik software products. RouterOS is an operating system for Mikrotik Routerboard hardware. By installing this operating system on your PC you can use features such as firewalls, bandwidth management, Access Point Wireless, VPN servers, and so on.
RouterOS is capable of being installed on all systems with a standard x5. RouterOS also provides access via FTP, telnet, and SSH. Licensing for each feature will be required to improve the performance level of this operating system.
Mikrotik uses different licenses to use the devices to reduce costs. Whenever you purchase a Mikrotik device, you are authorized to use one of three, four, five, or six levels. Each license allows you to have more network management. The highest level of license, which is level six, lets you manage all the features and unlimited users.
The Mikrotik brand created its own operating system to compete with Cisco’s popular IOS operating system. It runs on PCs, and as we mentioned before, it offers users great features including routing, firewall, VPN, monitoring, Qos, Hotspot, Load Balancing, and other efficient network management services.
One of the factors behind RouterOS’s growth is its sustainability in delivering services in small, medium, and large networks that affect all its users. Another good thing about this operating system is its ability to configure it with a software called Winbox on the Windows operating system, which will give its users a great sense of convenience with the graphical user interface. QuickSet is another well-developed Mikrotik software that lets users customize their router with just a few clicks, On Mikrotik VPS it is possible to create VPNs like PPTP, L2tp, etc.
In a private VPS or virtual server, the hardware resources on a physical server are partitioned and configured using a technology called virtualization so that multiple operating systems can be created from different physical servers with different hardware resources. Operating systems or servers that are created this way are called virtual servers, almost what you see in software like VMware Workstation and Virtual Box. On each of the Virtual Servers created, the hosting servers can run different operating systems with different hardware and software resources.
Users who purchase a virtual server actually have complete control over the resources of the server, and in a way, we can say that all the resources of this virtual system are dedicated to the user. On a virtual server or VPS, hardware resources can both be proprietary or Dedicated and can be shared.
When you request a VPS from a hosting service provider, you can choose the amount of RAM, customize the hard drive capacity and everything you need. In this case, these resources are privately received from the physical system and are available to the user within the VPS. The concept of VPS actually covers the weaknesses of shared hosting services and, on the other hand, gives its users much greater flexibility so that the user can plan for the resources available to them. As users have administrative access to VPS services, they can install custom changes and even custom software on their own servers.
In short, cloud and cloud computing uses a network on the Internet to store, manage and process information rather than a local computer. The purpose of this environment is for remote users is to access information without the need for high resources and no need to store, manage and process the information on their computers.
In fact, cloud VPS or Cloud is the same virtual servers that are provided on cloud infrastructure in a cloud computing environment. Normally, virtual servers run only on one physical server with the hardware connected tp it, and in this case, any of the associated hardware components crash, and all the virtual servers running on it also can have problems.
The VPS cloud environment has all the software requirements needed to run it, and is not dependent on centralized software or a single physical server with the same hardware, making it possible for machines to run at any time. Relevant to any physical server available simply by migrating them online and offline.
Cloud is divided into four categories:
- Private cloud space
A private cloud is designed to be used in a particular organization. Of course, despite this, the cloud still needs to remain outside of the enterprise, in a dedicated data center space, and be in the cloud of cloud service providers to apply the concept of cloud. This type of cloud management can be managed from within the organization or can be assigned to a specialist center.
- Public Cloud
Public clouds are available for public use. Structurally, the only difference between this type of cloud and the private cloud model is that only certain people have access to the private cloud.
- Hybrid cloud space
When a cloud service provider offers both public and private cloud services, it is called a hybrid space. This happens when two separate cloud compartments are supposed to share information, or when a company has grown and started expanding its services.
- Social cloud space
A social cloud means a private cloud is shared between different entities and organizations. In fact, the social cloud is a public cloud that is restricted to certain organizations or entities.
What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of A Virtual Server?
A virtual server with its attractive and tempting features is a good choice for a wide range of users and also may not be the right choice for some users to meet their needs, so it is better first to consider your needs and Make sure you choose a virtual server for your activity so that you do not have to spend extra money.
As a result, we decided to guide you in choosing the right server by presenting the advantages and disadvantages of a virtual server.
Virtual server benefits
- Despite offering similar features to a dedicated server, it is more affordable.
- Reliable and stable.
- Due to the allocation of resources (RAM, CPU, and memory) has a fast and good performance, which increases the loading speed, processing power, and capacity of the website.
- It has better security due to the separation of resources in the virtual server; Because in the virtual server, you can control users’ access in different sections, and no one can access your database.
- It is possible to customize the software in VPS, and you can adjust your VPS according to the required bandwidth and resources and the disk space required by your website.
- In VPS, root access is available to users to have more control over server processes.
Flexibility and upgrade of resources (storage memory, RAM, CPU) and applications in VPS are attractive advantages of virtual servers.
Virtual Server Disadvantages
- Server management and configuration require technical knowledge, and beginners in managing it faces problems that require being experts or hiring a specialist team.
- It costs more than shared hosting.
- Server maintenance and the process of fixing it are time-consuming and difficult.
- If the server is not configured properly, it will be vulnerable in terms of security, so you need to make settings to provide more security.
- It has less power and function than a dedicated server and will perform poorly for websites with very high traffic and high traffic.
What Is The Importance Of Server Location?
It is very important for website owners to choose the right location of the Server because the location of your virtual server database has a significant impact on the speed and ping of your site, so it is better to check your activity and target Customers before taking action, for example, if your target customers live in Canada Your preference should be Server that located in Canada.
In the following, we will deal with the factors that get affected by the location of the Server so that you pay more attention to the location of the Server.
The most important factor is impacted by the location of the data center is the security of the information in the database; Before choosing a server location, check that region and country in terms of security and politics; In every country, there are rules and regulations that you must be familiar with and act within the rules.
For example, In some countries, certain authorities are allowed to access your personal information and can monitor the information about the sites they host. Also, an area that is politically unstable will not be reliable, and you should always worry about sensitive and important information on your Server.
Connectivity and speed of operation
Speed and quality of connection to the server are factors that affect the location of the server; Connection delays are a significant problem due to the distance or quality of networks between users and data centers; If users wait for more than 3 seconds for the pages of your site to load, they will leave your site, and this will not be pleasant and will have many consequences.
Therefore, performance speed is directly related to the choice of server geographical location; Choosing a location close to users is very important in the speed of loading and uploading site content and the performance of web applications.
Choosing a location in different countries is effective in paying for hosting services because you are required to pay for the service in foreign currency, and you should keep in mind that exchange rate fluctuations can increase your costs.
Your server location affects SEO; Although the SEO subject is controversial and this theory is unreliable, in general, SEO experts have concluded that the server’s geographical location affects the website’s SERP ranking. As a result, we emphasize that you choose a server where the target customers are present, in which case it will greatly impact your website and also play an important role in the site’s speed.
Monetize With VPS
You may not realize the importance of VPS in your business yet, but it can help you make money.
VPS reduces your costs; A start-up business may not be able to afford the high cost of a dedicated server, but it saves money by buying a virtual server and can benefit from the same capabilities as a dedicated server. By estimating the cost of a virtual server compared to a dedicated server over a year, you will find out how much you have saved.
If you sell services or products with VPS, you can increase your sales to some extent because the optimal speed of the server will satisfy the customers who visit your site. Undoubtedly, users who enter your site to buy the product and are faced with slow speed and delay in loading the site pages will not stay on your site and will leave your site quickly.
With this situation, you will lose your customers, and your SEO will decrease., because speed is the most important factor for SEO and Google, and users leave the site without spending time on it, and your site visitors and traffic is reduced; Therefore, VPS has an effect on improving SEO and attracting customers.
The excellent performance and quality of VPS also play an important role in cryptocurrency transactions; As you know, every moment and speed of action in digital currency transactions is essential, so slow and disconnected communication can lead to huge financial losses, so if you are active in the financial markets, it is time to change the shared hosting to VPS.
VPS or VDS?
We must say that the concept of VPS and VDS are the same; VDS stands for VIRTUAL DEDICATED SERVER and is technically a virtual server with completely dedicated resources.
Naturally, VDS performs better than VPS due to having dedicated resources and not using shared resources, and also, the specificity of VDS resources is effective in increasing server security. Still, VPS has performance limitations due to the combination of resources and has time latency and slow speed compared to VDS. But in practice, they are not fundamentally different from each other.
VPN or VPS?
To better understand the distinction between these two terms, we explain the meaning of VPN; Of course, most of you use a VPN, and by now, you must be familiar with it, so you know that a VPN provides a private and secure network for connecting to the Internet, And uses special protocols and encryption to protect information that is being moved.
The difference between VPS and VPN
VPN is a tool that, by downloading and installing on your system, you can connect to the Internet in a secure space and Browse the web. But VPS is a server and service that has different features, including; VPS is used to host one or more sites and will allow the user to manage and access the server by providing a fixed IP, and you can install the desired operating system and various programs on the server.
- Ability to change IP and access blocked content
- Protect your data and information sent over the Internet with the help of encryption
- Increase the security of connecting to an insecure network
Disadvantages of VPN
- Slow down the Internet due to adding a security layer to the internet connection
- It is problematic in some cases, such as the global trading market and Binance, due to the variability of IP.
- Possibility of poor performance and interruption in connection
- Increase mobile phone battery consumption
- Endangering personal information such as user and password on your operating system by key loggers and trojans virus.
What Is A Dedicated Server?
A dedicated server is a type of hosting and the most powerful server that provides resources exclusively to the user, which means each user can use all the server resources by renting an exclusive and dedicated physical server from the hosting company.
The user who provides dedicated server benefits from all the features of the server, and in addition to benefiting from high speed, excellent uptime, suitable bandwidth, and high access, can Personalization the performance, speed, and security of the server based on its needs. This web service is ideal for large websites and developers who need more control over their servers and have no restrictions on making changes; As a result, your business’s efficiency is guaranteed by purchasing a dedicated server.
For example, consider a dedicated server as a standalone villa with all the resources and facilities at your disposal. You do not have parking or a shared area, and you entirely use all the facilities without interference from others.
Differences Between Virtual And Dedicated Servers
- A virtual server is cheaper than a dedicated server.
- The speed and performance of the dedicated server are higher than the virtual server due to having all the resources.
- Virtual server flexibility And scalability are more than a dedicated server; with the growth of the business, it is easier to scale on a virtual server than on a dedicated physical server.
- Dedicated server security against vulnerabilities such as viruses and information hacking and attacks is much higher because, in the dedicated server, resources are completely allocated to your sites, But in a virtual server, due to the shared resources, security is not provided as much as a dedicated server.
- In a dedicated server, the user is responsible for managing and applying settings on the server, so it requires expertise and technical knowledge, but in a virtual server, server management is easier; in contrast, there are restrictions on control and the ability to access settings and make changes to the virtual server.
Differences Between Shared Hosting And VPS Hosting
- Shared hosts are much cheaper than VPS hosts.
- Server resources are shared on all users on the shared host.
- Server resources in VPSs are dedicated to users.
- Shared hosting is only suitable for low-traffic websites and beginner businesses.
- VPSs are suitable for high-traffic websites, businesses, and brands.
- VPS performance is definitely more than shared hosting.
- VPS users can customize their servers, but you do not have access to shared hosting to do this.
- The flexibility of VPS services is much more than shared hosting with respect to user management.
SSD or HDD?
SSD is a new generation of hard drives that store information like flash memory and, with separate memory cells, make the stored bits quickly available to controllers.
HDD is a compartment consisting of screens covered with a ferromagnetic cover, and the data is read and written by a single head, which is transferred between different areas of the disk.
Due to the use of electrical circuits, SSD has unparalleled speed across the board that surpasses hard drives. With this advantage, SSD has a good speed of operation when launching and running and moving large programs such as movies or doing heavy computing work. Most uses of it Are in laptops because they are non-mechanical.
HDDs are cheaper than SSDs by offering more capacity (terabytes), and this advantage is important for those looking for a more affordable way to store data, But SSD is a smarter choice with its optimum speed on main drives (such as operating systems and applications).
Keep this in mind as well; The SSD consumes less power, so it has a positive role in the battery life of the device because it quickly accesses the desired data and reduces the high pressure on the device, but HDDs require more power than SSDs at startup due to their rotating screens.
And another point is that the SSD, due to the lack of drive components and immobility, has a lower risk of failure due to thermal problems or other factors and is more reliable. It is interesting to know that the error rate of SSD is 0.05%, while in HDD, this number reaches 5%.
From what we have said so far, you have noticed that a virtual server with an SSD has advantages such as high data access speed and a short waiting time for processing information requests; this speed increases the number of requests is done and processed in a short time, and vice versa, this process is slower on a virtual server with an HDD.
Because the access time to information is longer due to the presence of moving and rotating parts. Fast data access via SSD is an important advantage in the retrieval of information from databases.
Now that you are familiar with SSDs and HDDs, which do you think is a better choice for VPS?
In answering this question, first, the purpose and how to use VPS is important; If you need a lot of space to store information and you do not want to pay a lot for storage; Servers with NVME SSD and SATA interface are the best choice.
But if your goal is to create a database and you need the powerful resources, execution speed, and access to the desired information. As a result, a virtual server with an SSD will perform better.
How Is Virtual Server Support?
Despite sufficient information from virtual servers and the availability of experienced developers, we sometimes encounter problems that we can not quickly solve the problems alone.
With a strong 24-hour support team in OperaVPS, You will be able to solve a particular problem whenever and wherever you encounter it and continue to work with VPS with more ease than before.
What Is Cloud VPS?
Cloud servers have a special resemblance to dedicated servers, which can usually be a collection of centralized and integrated servers; If we divide each cloud server into smaller parts, we will have a cloud VPS!
When several computer systems process information together in an integrated manner, that integrated system is called a cloud server. The aggregation of these systems, which are interconnected in a network, has led to them being called cloud servers.
Top 5 CloudServer Applications
- High speed
- High security
- Low cost
- Super flexibility
- Lots of storage space
Cloud VPS offers many cloud-based technologies and services, such as data storage, data processing, operating system support, and applications.
Cloud servers can be located globally and provide services remotely through the cloud computing environment.
The Main Difference Between A VPS And A CloudServer
The main difference between a virtual server and a cloud server becomes evident when, for example, you have a site that works with a cloud server. In the meantime, if there is a problem with your site server, it takes the resources and space it needs from several other servers!
However, on a standard virtual server, your site cannot do this.
Now that we have discussed cloud servers and virtual servers, it is not bad to continue to mention some points about shared hosting and virtual server and say which one should be the priority!
Better To Buy A Shared Host Or A VPS?
We consider three main factors! When prioritizing both the shared host and the virtual server; Which includes the following:
- Root Access
About Security! First of all, it is better to note that you can not guarantee 100% security under any circumstances, but you can increase the security of your server by observing security tips.
If any of the sites connected to the server have security errors in the shared hosting service, it can harm other websites in terms of security.
For example, suppose you are at work, and several other people are working together in the same unit of the apartment; Meanwhile, if a person forgets for any reason and leaves the main door open, there is a possibility that the security of other people at the same time is in danger, in terms of security, shared hosting is ranked lower.
On the other hand, because you have more customization capabilities in the virtual server, you can create better and more security settings and increase the server’s security! On the other hand, in a virtual server, someone else’s activity can not affect the security of your server.
About Resources! If in shared hosting due to the consumption of shared resources; If other sites or any type of user that benefits from shared hosting use more available resources, it can affect the speed of your site or negatively impact any action of your shared hosting!
On the other hand, having a virtual server can benefit from dedicated resources and good speed.
About Root Access! The virtual server gives you root access to customize the root server according to your needs.
But in shared hosting, although we see more straightforward hosting and management, we do not have much freedom of action in these areas.
In addition to the above, in a nutshell, to choose the right hosting from VPS or shared hosting, it is better to pay attention to the following points too:
- Shared hosts are much cheaper than VPS hosts.
- Server resources are shared for all users on the shared host.
- Server resources in VPSs are dedicated to users.
- Shared hosting is only suitable for low-traffic websites and beginner businesses.
- VPSs are ideal for high-traffic websites, companies, and brands.
- VPS performance is more than shared hosting.
- VPS users can customize their servers, but you do not have access to do this on shared hosting.
- The flexibility of VPS services is much more than shared hosting for user management.
So considering all the items explained, a virtual server can be a more sensible option even for Binance and trading!
Virtual Server Performance For Binance
Many people have the question of whether the virtual server has the necessary performance for Binance and the stock market or not?
It will definitely have a positive effect and can have many uses; With access to the virtual server, you can always stay online 24 hours a day, bypass the restrictions and sanctions in Binance, and stay away from slow internet and high ping!
What Is A Forex VPS, And How To Use It?
Forex Virtual Server is a server that runs the Windows operating system and has Metatrader software for traders; Activists in the field of stock exchanges and such cases; With the virtual server 24 hours a day, you can monitor your trades, moment by moment; through robots and low ping.
In the following, you can see some advantages of a Forex VPS:
- The fastest connection speed.
- Not affected by system blackouts or errors.
- Suitable for traders who use expert consultants.
- Transactions are enforceable when your system is turned off.
- You can open and run multiple MT4 panels from the same virtual server.
Do We Need Programming Knowledge To Use VPS?
No, you can use a virtual server normally, but the main difference is using a Linux or Windows virtual server; In the graphics part, Windows has a graphical environment and it is much easier to use than Linux.
But in a Linux server with no graphical environment and only access to Root and SSh environment, you need to learn the basic Linux commands and then start using the server!
How Many Sites Can We Host On A Virtual Server?
If you manage the VPS yourself, you can host multiple sites on one VPS depending on the server resources.
Be sure to notify your server vendor support before adding a new site!
How To Connect To A Virtual Server?
Note that, you can use the RDP software to connect to the windows VPS server, which is available by default on the Windows operating system; You can even use the Android or iOS version; at the other side, you can use Putty software to connect to the Linux VPS Server.
Is It Possible To Back up The VPS?
Sure, this is possible for VPS, you can back up your data on VPS Servers; No more worrying about losing or deleting your information; Note that if you do not have backup experience, notify the server support department so they can do it for you.
Can We Change The Operating System On VPS?
You will be able to change the type of operating system of your service; For example, if you have a Windows server, you can change the types of Windows operating systems; Not change the server operating system to Linux!
You can send a ticket to the support department and then your VPS operating system will be changed in a few steps.
Virtual Server Plan Upgrade
You can upgrade and use the plan of your choice at any time; You can tick the support of the desired service for this purpose to change your desired VPS service plan!
About VNC Service
Software to connect to the server is considered by the VNC protocol that helps us to troubleshoot and test the server-side Internet network.
Applications Of VNC Service
- Work in the graphical environment of the Linux operating system remotely.
- Virtual server access (VPS) in case the network is down, or the SSH service is unavailable.
- Install the operating system on a virtual server or cloud server.
How To Increase The Security Of Virtual Server?
Windows Virtual Server Security and Ensuring Linux Virtual Server Security is an important issue that should not be overlooked! Even a Linux virtual server, which is better in terms of security than a Windows server, needs to increase security! In this section, we will explain some of the main solutions that help you to increase the security of your virtual server; Remember the mentioned methods well; so that you do not have any problems while running the service:
- Change your default Login
SSH is the choice of many users to log in to the server, which is a way to connect two systems remotely; But be aware that when you use this method, you are exposed to brute-force attacks, which means that someone is trying to access your SSH with the help of common passwords.
We recommend that you use strong passwords for your password; To do this, you can log in to your VPS and find the sshd-config file in / etc / ssh.
In the next step, find the phrase PermitRootLogin and change its default value, YES, to NO; To provide more security, instead of a password login, you can use a key login, which is more secure against Brute-Force attacks.
- Do not use older versions of the software
You can increase the security of the virtual server by updating the VPS version. Keep in mind that using older versions of software that are no longer obsolete and useless will reduce the security of your virtual server; You can easily update your operating system and software with just a few clicks.
You can even use the auto-update feature. Below are some options you can use to update automatically, depending on your operating system.
- Apt-gets (for debian and ubuntu)
- Yum / rpm (for centOS)
- Cron jobs (a tool based on Linux)
Note that if you use content management systems, do not neglect to update them.
- Do not neglect to set the firewall
Linux-based operating systems have a firewall by default. You can use the CSF tool, which is configServer, to more easily manage itables and integrate with other control panels.
This firewall configuration script enhances the security of your vps and at the same time provides a convenient user interface for managing your firewall settings.
If you need more security and protection, you can add ModSecurity to your firewall; ModSecurity helps you track HTTP traffic, data centers, coding injections, and more.
To keep in mind whether your firewall is default or custom, you need to set the following:
Adjust the traffic filter according to the pattern you specified
Set access permissions for some IP addresses
Close ports that are not used to prevent scanning
Establish rules and regulations that are always in order
Always update rules to prepare for security issues
- Do not forget to back up the server
Backups are not dedicated to VPS and are an essential part of hosting, and we recommend that you save backups in a safe space so that if there is a problem with your server, you can back up any data that you want.
We have provided the possibility of backup in OperaVPS servers. You can use this possibility to increase the security of your server or site and prevent the loss of your data problem.
How To Choose The Proper VPS?
Before buying a virtual server, have a thorough knowledge of its types. For example, if you do not know anything about servers and prefer to focus on other elements of your organization, a managed shared hosting may be right for you.
On the other hand, if you want to make the changes you want to the server, a virtual server with root access may be right for you.
What Is The Best Virtual Server? This is a question most people ask, it can be said that depending on your needs can be variable, many different criteria make them effective in choosing the right VPS; In the following, we will examine the main cases:
RAM (random access memory)
Depending on the need of your virtual server and your operation, the amount of RAM required also varies, the amount of RAM you choose is also one of the essential factors in determining the price of VPS!
Amount Of Storage Space
The amount of space you choose can also significantly impact the cost of your VPS service; it is better to provide the right amount of space according to your needs.
CPU (central processing unit)
When buying a VPS, you should remember that the virtualizer’s processor is one of the processors of physical servers. Therefore you have to choose a suitable processor to achieve your goals, Be careful enough to determine the amount you need to either save on your expenses or not get less than you need.
Reasons That You Have To Choose OperaVPS Server?
1) You do not need to be fluent in Linux!
When you buy VPS, you first need to install the right operating system for it, which is often recommended because of the greater security of Linux.
Once you have selected the desired Linux version, it’s time to install it on the virtual server, and then you have to do the firewall configuration and block unauthorized access to the server!
Leave all this to the technical experts of the OperaVPS support department and use your server as efficiently as possible.
2) Forget working with frameworks
Imagine running a program with the Laravel framework; as you know, you need to install nmp and composer on the server to run it; But this is not the only case and you have to install and configure PHP and possibly Apache.
You are probably aware that installing and configuring all of these has its difficulties and does not end with Laravel alone.
If you have any problems in your installation path, you can leave these steps to us so that we can do these services for you, and you will only enjoy the development and progress of your work!
3) An expert is with you at all times
It is enough to delete your site or endanger your site database with a wrong deletion or a wrong command. Such a bitter incident may lead you to start again from scratch, But do not worry, our specialists are ready to be by your side and protect your data.
4) Features that distinguish OperaVPS from others
Our firewall systems dynamically detect incoming and outgoing brute-force and DDoS attacks, immediately respond to them and take the appropriate actions to block them.
Link multiple separate SSD and hard disks within an array to achieve greater throughput, reliability, and capacity over a large, expensive disk. Before buying a service, we assure you 0% data loss expectancy.
When it comes to data protection, you can not wait for the inevitable to happen! Be prepared with a reliable and stress-free Raid/rapid restore system.
Using OperaVPS remote desktop server, you can upgrade your RDP’s resources and vigor if needed without losing any data; We care about your data safety.
What is a virtual server?
VPS stands for Virtual Private Server, and it is a Virtual Computer that is always online and has high-speed Internet; and you can access it remotely at any time and from any location; you can use the facilities and resources of the virtual server.
Do we have a free virtual server?
Yes, there is, but it is not 100% free, but to use for a limited time; it may be provided to users for free and rented temporarily, but it does not work well; It also provides users with limited capabilities; For example, you will not have root access, and they are not secure.
Which operating systems run on a virtual server?
Virtual servers offer almost all operating systems, and you can freely run your operating system; Windows, Linux, Microtek, and FreeBSD operating systems can run on a virtual server without any problems.
Do we need a VPN to use VPS?
VPS and VPN are of two different natures; VPS is a service mainly used for hosting sites and applications, but VPN protects data security when communicating with the Internet. Although it is possible to use a VPN on a virtual server, it does not play a significant role in keeping your information secure.
Is VPS secure?
VPSs are good in terms of security, but we can not be told that they are 100% safe against dangers and threats. It is necessary to increase the security level of the virtual server by making a series of settings; For example, set your firewall to restrict access to essential services and prevent all information from being displayed to everyone; Use strong and secure passwords and disable Superuser login to the server; Make the most use of LFD; Manage user access; Add ModSecurity to the firewall, and settings like this can affect the security of the virtual server.
How to connect to Windows Server from your system?
Go to the Start menu, type RDP, select Remote desktop, type your server's IP address, and click Connect. Then type the requested password and username and connect to Windows Server. also You can learn how to connect to Windows VPS step by step from our article in the blog section.
How many IPs Can Be Provided On A VPS?
You can add different IPs to your virtual server; There is no limit to the number of IPs you can use.